UNESCO HERITAGE OF WORLD TURKEY

THE ANTIQUE CITY OF APHRODISIA

It is located in the Karacasu district of Aydın province. Aphrodisias, named after the goddess of love and beauty. Aphrodisias is an ancient city that is particularly famous for the worship of Aphrodite in Roman times. The city is a fertile valley formed by the Dandalaz (Morsynus) Current, a branch of the Meander River, on a plateau about 600 meters high above the sea. The city, which in the course of its history has nourished itself by the natural conditions of the river basin, provided the marble pits on the outskirts of Babadağ in the north of the city, which were the greatest sources of wealth in antiquity. With monumental buildings that have survived to this day, the city is one of the most important archaeological sites in Turkey. Date of settlement Aphrodisias, which dates back to the 5th millennium BC. Was in a small village in the 6th century BC. But received during the intensive urbanization period in the Menderetal in the 2nd century BC. The status of a city-state (police). The first Aphrodite temple was built during this time. This view was made in the 2nd century BC. Changed with the grid plan of the city.

Aphrodisias is the leading center for the architecture, art, sculpture and worship of antiquity. The Byzantine writer Stephanos founded the city until the 13th century BC. 12 km of the Karacasu district. Aphrodisias, founded in the southeast as a city of Caria, covered the golden age in Roman times. During this time, marble sculptures and structures of extraordinary beauty were built and an art school known as Aphrodisias style was developed. Aphrodisias, in the 1st century BC He maintained close ties with Rome, and was protected by Octavian, who will bear the title of Augustus as Roman Emperor, by the words "I chose this city from all over Asia" and 39 BC. Protected by the Roman Senate by tax exemption and autonomy. After the privileges had been recognized, it quickly began to develop.

Aphrodisias has produced sculptors who have achieved great fame throughout the Mediterranean world between the 1st and 5th centuries, with works that have been signed throughout the Empire, especially in Rome. The fact that marble quarries are rarely located near the city is one of the key reasons for Aphrodisias to become a high-quality production center for marble sculptures. Thanks to this feature, the Roman Empire was one of the cities in the Asian province that enabled it to explore and understand the epoch in all aspects of marble art and architecture. It is known that the sacred area of Aphrodite and the city's original Aphrodite culture, which gave the town its name and played an important role in the development of town identity, also culturally covered a vast area of the Mediterranean.


The archaeological significance of Aphrodisias is an intense affair from the late Hellenistic period to the Roman and Byzantine periods, largely marbled structures and the associated reliefs and inscriptions that reveal iridescence and exchange of values ​​are exceptionally well preserved. In Aphrodisias Antki City there are two squares (Tiberius Portico and Agora) surrounded by pillars between the theater and the temple. The best preserved stadium in the ancient world is located at the northern end of the city. At the end of the 3rd century AD, Aphrodisias became the capital of the Karia state in the Roman Empire. In the middle of the 4th century AD, the city was surrounded by walls. From the 6th century AD, the Temple of Aphrodite was transformed into a church that gradually lost its importance. Upon returning to a small town, the city was completely abandoned in the 12th century. As a result of archaeological research, it was found that city and sculpture as well as studies in medicine and astronomy were carried out in the city. The ruins that can be seen in the city consist of a bath, agora with a large bath of the 2nd century AD, the temple, the stadium, the theater, the theater bath, the Odeon, the Episcopal Palace, the Philosophy school for the goddess Aphrodite from the 1st century BC BC, which were built during the reign of Emperor Hadrianus.

GALERIE

THE ANTIQUE CITY OF APHRODISIA