UNESCO HERITAGE OF WORLD TURKEY

SAFRANBOLU

Architecture of Safranbolu has affected the development of cities in most of the Ottoman Empire in the 17th Century. City of Safranbolu is a typical Ottoman city with buildings and streets, which are exclusive to itself and played a great role in the caravan route trade of Istanbul-Sinop. Safranbolu, is an example city, which both reflects all characteristics of traditional living of Turkish society and preserves the cultural heritage, it created in its past, in its environmental texture. Its success in preserving this rich cultural heritage on city scale has set an example. Houses of Safranbolu, which cause the fame of the town, were built with excellent architectural knowledge, which reflects the past, culture, economy, technology and lifestyle of Turkish family life in 18th and 19th centuries. Especially the inns, baths, mosques, fountains, bridges and unique mansions from the Ottoman Period evoke admiration in those, who come to visit them. Safranbolu reached its highest economic and cultural level during the Ottoman Period and trade developed in the region and it became richer, due to being an important lodging center on Istanbul - Sinop caravan route. Some Ottoman statesmen left important monuments for the town. Most traditional Safranbolu houses had three stories and 6 to 8 rooms. Each of the rooms were made to supply the needs of elementary family. There were wardrobes, called “yukluk,” shelves, stoves and couches in every room. There were baths in wooden wardrobes, which could also be used for taking a bath.  Entrance part of the house was called “hayat” (life). The first floor consisted of sections for men and women to sit separately. Wedding dinners and henna nights were also made on this story and women and men had fun in different sections. “Bindalli”s, worn by brides in henna knights look colourful and full of life, like they were worn yesterday. However, some of them are 100 and some of them are 300 years old.

Ceiling decorations in buildings used to represent the richness of the owner of the house. Children’s rooms were not decorate due to the belief that they could be scared or become cross eyed. Workmanship on the ceilings of these houses has an important place in terms of art history. All houses are oriented towards public buildings, religious buildings and monuments, which have more central location. The view from any of the houses is not blocked. Close plan facades of the houses are blind and remote plan facades are open and located to view one another. Streets, which lead to the square in the middle of the town are completely covered by stone. Existing stone covering minimizes humidity, resistant to flood waters and allows tree roots to receive sufficient water.


Types of Safranbolu handicrafts, which have survived to the present day and continued are kerchief production, leatherworking, wood carving, saddle production, ironworking and copper engraving. There are a few saddle producers, ironsmiths, copper engravers and tinsmiths among artisanship groups, which still make production in handicrafts in the market in Safranbolu. There are major cultural richness in the town, where many civilizations lived during its 3000 years of history. Especially inns, baths, mosques, fountains, bridges and mansions from the Ottoman Period attract the interest of visitors. Included in World Heritage List by UNESCO on 17 December 1994, Safranbolu encompasses 1.500 of approximately 50.000 cultural and natural assets to be protected in Turkey. Therefore, it is in a museum town status. Thanks to the projections in Safranbolu, the house both becomes wider and some motion was added to the outside appearance. There were wooden cages, called ‘’musabak,’’ on narrow and long windows, whose number varied according to the size of the rooms. There were pools inside some houses, to provide cooling and to protect from fire. Stone was used on lower stories, mudbrick on upper stories and Turkish style tiles were used on the roof as material.


GALERIE

SAFRANBOLU