UNESCO HERITAGE OF WORLD TURKEY

THE ANTIQUE CITY LETOON

Letoon is a town, dedicated to Apollo and Leto, mother of Artemis. A turn to south is made after traveling about 1 kilometer from Kınık to Fethiye and 5 kilometer Letoon road is taken. History of Letoon is closely related to Xanthos. It is known that it was one of the most important religious centers in the Lycian region. Archaeological excavations are carried out with difficulty, due to the rise in water level.

The remains, which have been found, belong to the period between 7th Century B.C. and 6th Century A.D. Its Greek style theatre is its most important building, preserved to the present day. The name, Letoon, comes from legends. Zeus, King of Gods, falls in love with Leto and Leto becomes pregnant for twins. Scared of jealous wife of Zeus, Letoruns away and arrives at Delos. She gives birth to her children, Apollo and Artemis there. She flees to Lycia, the Anatolian coast, to get away more from Hera. The wolves, she runs into on the way, guide her to Xanthos River. Leto dedicates the river to Apollo and names the region, known as ‘’Termilles’’ until that time, “Lykia,” which is derived from the Greek word “lykos”, which means wolf, in gratitude.There is another temple to its east, built in Doric order with 11x6 columns, in dimensions of 27m x 15m. A mosaic in Hellenistic style, which depicts the bow and quiver, which represent Artemis and the lyre, which represents Apollo was also found during the excavations. There is another temple between the Ionic and Doric temples, in smaller dimensions, (18m x 8m) built with wonderful masonry.

Letoon, which is 4 kilometers from Xanthos, was the religious center of Lycia in antiquity. There are the remains of the Temple of Leto, Apollo and Artemis and a monastery, a fountain and a Roman Theater there. The largest temple, dedicated to Leto, mother of Artemis and Apollo, is the Temple of Leto, built in peripteros style and its dimensions are 30.25 m by 15.75 m. The temple of Apollo situated on the eastern side and built in doric order, is in a poorer state of preservation than the temple of Leto and is smaller with dimensions of 27.90 m by 15.07 m Located between the two temples and the smallest temple there, temple of Artemis is in dimensions of 18.20 m by 8.70 m. Three temples, side by side, were uncovered as a result of excavations, which began in 1962. The first one is a temple in Ionic order, with 6 x 11 columns, in dimensions of 30m x 15m and thought to have been built for Leto in 150-100 B.C., judging from its architectural decorations. There is another temple to its east, built in Doric order with 11x6 columns, in dimensions of 27m x 15m. A mosaic in Hellenistic style, which depicts the bow and quiver, which represent Artemis and the lyre, which represents Apollo was also found during the excavations. There is another temple between the Ionic and Doric temples, in smaller dimensions, (18m x 8m) built with wonderful masonry.

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THE ANTIQUE CITY LETOON
UNESCO WELTERBE IN DER TÜRKEI

THE ANTIQUE CITY LETOON

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BODRUM
CASTLE

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BECIN
MEDIEVAL CITY



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SANCTUARY OF HECATOMNOS

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CAUNUS
ANCIENT CITY

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STRATONICEIA
ANCIENT CITY